The blessed olive tree grows in the rocky and arid area of Crete. It produces olives under adverse conditions of drought, strong winds and high temperatures, while the longevity and productivity, writes the history of Mediterranean people. The olive enlightened, nourished, healed and identified with high ideals and inspired the vigorous, for many years culture of Crete.
The olive was symbol of knowledge, wisdom, abundance, peace, health, strength and beauty adored for thousands of years in the Greek culture. It was a living part of a cultural heritage, legends, traditions and religious rituals closely associated with flowering, harvest and production of oil.
It is adapted to long periods of hot, dry summers and shows great strength even when temperatures drop to freezing. Mature olive trees are trees of medium size. In some cases, the trees can reach heights of 10 meters.
In the Mediterranean area the trees flower in late spring (April-May) and harvesting begins in late November and ends in February for the southern regions.
Olive oil is the oil obtained from the fruit of the olive tree by means of mechanical and physical treatment, while temperature and light does not alter its composition. Olive oil is a completely natural product that can be consumed directly after production. It is digested by the body by 98% while delivering the same number of calories as any other vegetable oil.
Olive oil, unlike seed oils, is rich in monounsaturated fatty acids and is a product of high nutrirional value. Olive oil, also, contains a large amount of antioxidants that protect the organism from various diseases. Moreover, it is very interesting to mention the fact that composition of fatty acids in olive oil is similar to that of fat in breast milk.